OTD: Livingston wrote Schuyler about Arnold

#Onthisday Major Henry Brockholst Livingston wrote to General Philip Schuyler Dear Sir I wrote you last evening and was in hopes to have had the pleasure of seeing you today, but as the enemy are hourly expected, General Arnold cannot think of leaving camp. Three deserters came in this morning and it was rumored in the camp when they came off that we were to be attacked this day. Burgoyne yesterday harangued the soldiers and told them he was determined to leave his bones on the field or force his way to Albany. He was about one month’s salt provisions in his camp. Three Tories were just now brought in by the Oneidas; they confirm the report of the deserters, and add that the enemy acknowledged publicly to have lost 700 killed and wounded in the late battle, and plume themselves with a confidence that our loss might have been at least double. General Arnold’s intention to quit this department is made public, and has caused great uneasiness among the soldiers. To induce him to stay, General Poor proposed an address from the General officers and Colonels of his division, returning him thanks for his past services, and particularly for his conduct during the late action, and requesting him to stay. The address was framed and consented to by Poor’s officers. Those of General Learned refused. They acquiesced in the propriety of the measure, but were afraid of giving umbrage to General Gates – a paltry excuse for officers of rank to allege in excuse for not doing their duty. As the method has failed, I see no other way left to bring about a reconciliation but by the interposition of the General officers. This has been promised to Lincoln. He is now anxious for Arnold’s stay and will push the matter. I hope he may succeed, as I think he is an officer of too much moment to be neglected – though it may be a mortifying situation for any gentleman of spirt to submit to the petulant humors of any man, be his rank ever so high. I am with due respect and esteem, Sir, your friend. Henry B. Livingston Henry Brockholst Livingston was the son of Governor William Livingston of New Jersey and was born on November 25, 1757. A classmate of James Madison, he graduated from Princeton in 1774. At the outbreak of the American War of Independence, Livingston joined the 3rd New York Regiment and participated in the siege of Ticonderoga. He served on the staff of General Philip Schuyler. Then he served as an aide to General Benedict Arnold in the Saratoga campaign, and witnessed British General John Burgoyne’s surrender of a complete army in 1777. In 1779, Livingston served on a diplomatic mission to Spain as private secretary to John Jay. On his return voyage, he was captured by the British. He was later paroled, whereupon he commenced his legal studies in the law office of Peter Yates in Albany. Admitted to the bar in 1783, he practiced law in New York City from 1783 to 1802, and was a counsel for the defense in the landmark case of Rutgers v. Waddington (1784). Brockholst Livingston was appointed an Associate Justice of the New York Supreme Court of Judicature on January 8, 1802. During the years 1802 to 1806, he wrote 149 opinions, including a famous dissent in the fox hunting case of Pierson v. Post (1805). On December 15, 1806, Henry Brockholst Livingston was nominated to the Supreme Court of the United States by President Thomas Jefferson. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1806, and served on the Supreme Court from then until his death. A recognized expert in maritime law, prize law and commercial law, he was considered one of the “silent” members of the Court. Although he wrote few opinions, he was known for his scholarly observations, good humor and quick wit. He had a reputation for easing the tensions among the Justices that threatened to divide the Court. In 1818, he was conferred with an LL.D. by Harvard College. Henry Brockholst Livingston died in Washington, DC, on March 19, 1823. To learn wish to learn more about the Battles of Saratoga, you can visit the Saratoga National Historical Park in the towns of Saratoga and Stillwater. The park website is at https://ift.tt/2cxkI82 The Schuylerville Public Library schuylervillelibrary.sals.edu/ and all the libraries in the region have a number of books on the Battles of Saratoga. One of the more popular and well written books is Richard M Ketchum’s Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War. (1997) New York: Henry Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-6123-9. OCLC 41397623 Saratoga is known for being the turning point of the American Revolution. In 1777 −− the second year of America’s War for Independence −− the British sought to quell the rebellion with a single decisive military campaign. The British plan depended on using an invading army to divide the colonies along a natural corridor of rivers and lakes stretching from Canada to New York City. The Americans’ determined resistance at Saratoga, coupled with British strategic blunders, resulted in a stunning defeat and surrender for a British army. This timely victory reversed American military fortunes, boosted patriot morale, and gained them international recognition and support, including military assistance. That is why studying the Battles of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the American freedoms.

On this day – September 24

On this day in 1953, Court Stella Maris #396, Catholic Daughters of America, meet at the Knights of Columbus Hall with a business meeting preceded by supper; in 1970, Kristen Talbot (now Peck) was born, Talbot did her hometown proud by competing internationally in speed skating from 1986 to 1994 when she appeared in three Winter Olympics and at the 1989 and 1990 World Junior Championships, as well as skating parts of the World Cup circuit for several years, Talbot is best known for her altruism only one month prior to the 1994 Winter Olympics, her brother, Jason, was quite sick with aplastic anemia, and Talbot donated her bone marrow to him in January 1994, in an attempt to reverse the course of the often fatal disease, the bone marrow transplant affecting her ability to skate, but she did it, the entire community enjoyed following Talbot as she competed in Lillehammer, Norway; in 1999, Raymond Richard “Buzzer” Wright died (born 5 12 1945) , he was a Viet Nam Congressional Medal of Honor recipient who is buried at the Gerald B.H. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery, Wright served as a Specialist Fourth Class, United States Army, Company A, 3d Battalion, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division he was awarded his medal for service in the Ap Bac Zone, Republic of Vietnam, on May 2, 1967, his citation reads “For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty…” and in 2002, the movie “The Patriot” was shown as part of the 225th film festival conducted at Olympian Hall.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by subscribing to our blog at https://ift.tt/2czXtwq
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peck for compiling information for this timetable.)
September 24

On this day – September 23

On this day in 1775, American forces depart on the long march to Quebec; in 1777, there was a steady rain at daybreak, Benedict Arnold’s aide Colonel Livingston wrote to Philip Schuyler that “When the general officers and soldiers heard of [Arnold’s leaving], they were greatly alarmed;” then the officers took action by writing a letter to Arnold, “signed by all the general officers, excepting Lincoln, urging him to remain,” Burgoyne strengthens and organizes his forces and their fortifications; in 1780, Major John André was captured, three American militiamen capture Major André, who is dressed in civilian clothing and carrying information that the American General Benedict Arnold intends to become a traitor and surrender the vital installation of West Point on the Hudson River, Arnold learns of André’s capture two days later and flees to the safety of the British warship Vulture in the Hudson, André is hanged at Tappan, New York, on 2 October despite his plea to be executed by a firing squad, he faces execution with courage that is greatly admired by the Continental forces; in 1907, Charles F. McMahon left Schuylerville this morning for Fordham’s College, where he studied law and several of the farmers in this vicinity this morning began digging their fall crop of potatoes, the wet weather, it feared would cause them to rot, the crop was unusually light, the potatoes are said to be of good size and excellent quality; and in 1953, Mrs. Spencer Boyce was confined to her home in Broad St. with an infection in her foot caused by stepping on a nail.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by following us on Facebook at https://ift.tt/2kLifwt
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peck for compiling information for this timetable.)
September 23

OTD: Digby described after the 1st Battle

#Onthisday in 1777, British Lieutenant William Digby of 53d Regiment of Foot described the time after the 1st Battle of Saratoga
Formed a bridge of boats across the Hudson, on the left flank of our line. A spy from the enemy was taken near our camp, and we had reason to suppose there were many others around. He informed that they had a report Gen Burgoyne was killed on the 19th, which must have arose from Capn Green, one of the aid de camps, being wounded and falling from his horse near the general. About noon there was a confused report of Gen Clinton’s coming up the river, and it must be owned Gen Burgoyne was too ready to believe any report in our favour. Orders were given for our cannon to fire 8 rounds at night from the park of Artillery. It was done with a view of causing the enemy to draw in their out posts expecting an attack, at which time 2 officers in disguise were sent express to Gen Clinton with messages to the same effect as was sent the 21st. The intention answered, as they stood to their works all that night which was constant rain.”
To learn wish to learn more about the Battles of Saratoga, you can visit the Saratoga National Historical Park in the towns of Saratoga and Stillwater.
The park website is at https://ift.tt/2cxkI82 The Schuylerville Public Library schuylervillelibrary.sals.edu/ and all the libraries in the region have a number of books on the Battles of Saratoga. One of the more popular and well written books is Richard M Ketchum’s Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War. (1997) New York: Henry Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-6123-9. OCLC 41397623
Saratoga is known for being the turning point of the American Revolution. In 1777 −− the second year of America’s War for Independence −− the British sought to quell the rebellion with a single decisive military campaign. The British plan depended on using an invading army to divide the colonies along a natural corridor of rivers and lakes stretching from Canada to New York City. The Americans’ determined resistance at Saratoga, coupled with British strategic blunders, resulted in a stunning defeat and surrender for a British army. This timely victory reversed American military fortunes, boosted patriot morale, and gained them international recognition and support, including military assistance. That is why studying the Battles of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the American freedoms.

OTD: Arnold wrote Gates

#Onthisday General Benedict Arnold wrote to General Horatio Gates
Camp at Stillwater,
September 22, 1777
Sir When I joined the Army at Vanschaak’s Island the 1st instant you were pleased to order me to London’s Ferry to take the command of General Poor and Learned’s Brigades and Colonel Morgan battalion of riflemen and light infantry. Your command was immediately obeyed. I have repeatedly since received your orders respecting those corps as belonging to my division, which has often been mentioned in General Orders, and the gentlemen commanding those corps have understood themselves as my division. On the 9th instant, you desired me to annex the New York and Connecticut Militia to such brigades as I thought proper in my division, which I accordingly did and ordered the New York Militia to join General Poor’s brigade and the Connecticut Militia to General Learned’s. The next day, I was surprised to observe in General Orders the New York Militia annexed to General Glover’s brigade, which placed me in the ridiculous light of presuming to give orders I had no right to do, and having them publicly contradicted, which I mentioned to you as I thought it a mistake of the Deputy Adjutant General. You then observed the mistake your own and that it should be mentioned as such in the ensuing orders, which has never been done. On the 19th instant, when advice was received that the enemy was approaching, I took the liberty to give it as my opinion that we ought to march out and attack them. You desired me to send Colonel Morgan and the light infantry and support them. I obeyed your orders and before the action was over I found it necessary to send out the whole of my division to support the attack. No other troops were engaged that day except Colonel Marshall’s regiment of General Paterson’s brigade I have been informed that in the returns transmitted to Congress of the killed and wounded in the action the troops were mentioned as a detachment from the Army and in the orders of this day I observe it is mentioned that Colonel Morgan’s corps not being in any brigade or division of this Army are to make returns and reports only to headquarters, from whence they are alone to receive orders. Although it is notorious to the whole Army they have been in and done duty with my division for some time past. When I mentioned these matters to you this day, you were pleased to say in contradiction to your repeated orders that you did not know that I was Major General or had any command in the Army. I have ever supposed a major general’s command of four thousand men a proper division and no detachment, when composed of whole brigades forming one wing of the Army and that general troops if guilty of misconduct or cowardly behavior in time of action were justly chargeable as a division. If on the other hand, they behave with spirit and firmness in action they were justly initiated to the applause due to a brave division, not detachment, of the Army. Had my division behaved ill, the other divisions of the Army would have thought it extremely hard to have been amenable for their conduct. I mentioned these matters as I wish justice due to the division, as well as particular regiments or persons. From what reasons I know not, as I am conscious of no offense or neglect of duty, but I have lately observed little attention paid to any proposals I have thought it my duty to make for the public service and when a measure I have proposed has been agreed to it has immediately been contradicted. I have been received with the greatest coolness at headquarters and often treated in such a manner as must mortify a person with less pride than I have and in my station in the army. You observed that you expected General Lincoln in a day or two when I should have no command of a division, that you thought me of little consequence to the Army and that you would with all your heart give me a pass to leave it whenever I thought proper. As I find your observation very just that I am not or that you wish me of little consequence in the army and as I have the interest and safety of my country at heart, I wish to be where I can be of the most sevice to them. I therefore, as General Lincoln has arrived, request your pass to Philadelphia with my aid de camp and three servants, where I propose to join General Washington and may possibly have it in my power to serve my country, though I am thought of no consequence in this department.
I am &c.
B. Arnold
Benedict Arnold was born in 1741 to a prominent Connecticut family. Arnold lost most of his siblings to yellow fever, calamitous events that triggered alcoholism in his father. As a teenager, Arnold’s family faced financial hardship. At the age of sixteen, Arnold enlisted in a militia and served in the French and Indian War in upstate New York. During the 1760s, Arnold started a successful apothecary business. Arnold’s role as a prominent businessman brought him into direct conflict with both the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act, where the British government sought to regulate and tax colonial business transactions. Arnold joined the Sons of Liberty and continued his business in defiance of the British acts, effectively becoming a smuggler.
He was elected to the position of captain in the Connecticut militia in 1775. The first act that would make Arnold well known was his participation, along with Ethan Allen, in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga just to the north of Saratoga on Lake Champlain. Fort Ticonderoga had an immense store of cannon which were critical to win the Siege the Boston.
In September 1775 Arnold participated in the American invasion of Canada, per orders of Gen. Washington. Though the attempt at adding a “Fourteenth Colony” failed with a desperate attack on Quebec, Arnold was considered by most to have served valiantly as a brilliant tactician and hero after being wounded in the leg during battle. For this he was promoted to brigadier general.
In the summer of 1776 Arnold’s skills as a strategist were once again called upon as he was placed in charge of a new American Naval Fleet in Lake Champlain. His orders from Gen. Horatio Gates were to defend the area and attack only if attacked. Upon learning of a British naval force under Guy Carleton settling in the northern end of the lake, Arnold took his fleet and stationed it towards Valcour Island in October. Several days of battle ensued. Arnold was not able to do much damage to the veteran British fleet. He only saved many of his men after grounding and burning their ships. Yet, in Gates’ eyes, he had disobeyed orders by conducting an offensive maneuver.
Now at odds with not only his superiors, but with Congress over promotions he did not receive, 1777 became Arnold’s year to prove himself. The first chance came in August, when General Philip Schuyler ordered him to march west from Albany to prevent a force under British commander Barry St. Leger from over-whelming the beleaguered troops at Fort Schuyler (Stanwix). Arnold was able to turn St. Leger’s superior force against him by blackmailing a loyalist man into spreading rumors amongst the Indians about his coming. St. Leger’s allies retreated leaving him with no support; he ordered the retreat of his Regular force before Arnold ever arrived on August 21.
As Arnold returned to Albany the Northern Army, now under command of General Gates, was bearing down for a defensive against British General John Burgoyne to the north near Saratoga, NY. After the battle at Freeman’s Farm and an argument with Gates about whether or not to attack the shaken British force, Arnold was relieved of command.
On October 7, Burgoyne struck again closer to the American lines. Seeing the enemy entrenched, Arnold rode to the field of battle to lead an American attack that captured an enemy stronghold all against Gates’ orders. This victory however, led the Americans to gain the position they needed on the field to force a British surrender. Arnold was wounded in the same leg that suffered injury in Canada. Scorned by Gates, but officially thanked by Washington and Congress, he was promoted to Major General and sent to Philadelphia to recover, as he could not command the field.
Arnold, though well respected as a battlefield general, was not often well like by his subordinates or fellow officers. He constantly argued with these men about the slightest things. These men, in turn, accused Arnold of many improprieties including theft. Arnold was eventually put under arrest for arguing with members of a court who refused to hear a witness against Colonel Moses Hazen, who Arnold had accused of theft.
Arnold was given command of the city of Philadelphia. Charges of misconduct again surfaced while he commanded Philadelphia not the least of which was his marriage to a known Loyalist, Peggy Shippen. A combination of debt and his disgust with his perceived American enemies eventually moved Arnold to join the British cause.
Arnold wanted a post from which he could do the most service to the British cause. Arnold, requested, and received, command of the American post at West Point. Arnold’s plan to hand over West Point to the British failed but Arnold escaped to New York.
Arnold was made a brigadier general in the British army. In December 1780, Arnold was given command of British forces sent to raid Virginia. Arnold remained there until July 1781 and then returned to New York. Arnold eventually moved to England where he became a merchant. His ventures met with mixed success. Arnold died in London at the age of 60.
Arnold’s name has become synonymous with treasonous behavior and is perhaps one of the most infamous figures in American history. It has been said that had Benedict Arnold died at the Battles of Saratoga, he would have been considered as one of America’s greatest heroes. Instead, he died in England in June of 1801 as General Washington’s most brilliant tactician and America’s worst betrayer.
To learn wish to learn more about the Battles of Saratoga, you can visit the Saratoga National Historical Park in the towns of Saratoga and Stillwater. The park website is at https://ift.tt/2cxkI82
The Schuylerville Public Library schuylervillelibrary.sals.edu/ and all the libraries in the region have a number of books on the Battles of Saratoga. One of the more popular and well written books is Nathaniel Philbrick’s Valiant Ambition: George Washington, Benedict Arnold, And The Fate Of The American Revolution. (2016) New York: Viking. ISBN 0525426787
Saratoga is known for being the turning point of the American Revolution. In 1777 −− the second year of America’s War for Independence −− the British sought to quell the rebellion with a single decisive military campaign. The British plan depended on using an invading army to divide the colonies along a natural corridor of rivers and lakes stretching from Canada to New York City. The Americans’ determined resistance at Saratoga, coupled with British strategic blunders, resulted in a stunning defeat and surrender for a British army. This timely victory reversed American military fortunes, boosted patriot morale, and gained them international recognition and support, including military assistance. That is why studying the Battles of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the American freedoms.

Anson Piper at the British Motorfest

This photo is of reenactor Anson Piper from Fort Edward.  He is portraying an American artillery officer.  Piper was a very active volunteer at Saratoga National Historical Park.  Piper is a veteran of World War II and at the time of the photo he was 76 years young.
This photo is from a gathering called the British Motorfest, the area’s premiere British Car show and the Schuylerville Family Fun day was held at Fort Hardy Park on 17 July 2004. The Adirondack Triumph Association presented the British Motorfest, the area’s premiere British car show in 2004. Approximately 100 Triumphs, MGs, Austin Healeys, Jaguars, Morgans, motorcycles and kit cars invaded the area with gleaming fenders and questionable electrical systems vying for trophies, dash plaques and probably a jump-start or two  The event organized by the Schuylerville Area Chamber of Commerce, the fun continued through the afternoon and into the evening with British Revolutionary War re-enactors (replete with occasional musket firings — remember,
Fort Hardy Park is the actual spot where Burgoyne surrendered), French and Indian War re-enactors, a chicken barbecue, a performance by the Cambridge Band, free hamburgers and a theater performance of Greek fairy tales by The Mettawee Players.  There was a nice article in the Saratogian accessed here – https://ift.tt/2xyxexY
These are the town historian’s archives of 2004 made by Town Historian Sean Kelleher.  The town historian is to “upheld high standards of gathering and evaluating evidence, making thoughtful and appropriate generalizations, writing well-organized and readable narratives, and sharing their work with others through the most appropriate mediums.”
The Fort Hardy area is recognized as one of the most important locations in the history of our country.  This site was the site of a French and Indian War fort / supply depot. During the Battles of Saratoga, the turning point of the American Revolution, the remains of the Fort was on the front lines during the siege (October 10 – 17) and the location of a skirmish (October 11). On October 17, the British and their allies marched to the Fort and grounded (stacked) their arms and marched into captivity. This was the first time in world history that a complete British force surrendered and it brought international recognition and allies to the United States. The Fort grounds is truly one of that locations that changed world history. These fort grounds located on the banks of the Hudson River have evolved to serve the educational, cultural and recreational needs of the community.  The various roles it held was a driving park (1902) , camp and parade ground for the 10th US Cavalry – Buffalo Soldiers (1912), grand and band stands to watch races and baseball games (1920s), bathing beach (1934), youth center (1990s), a historic pageant (2002) and as a boating launch.  
Fort Hardy serves our community in a variety of ways including as a community gathering place, a place of remembrance of our American ideals and way of life, which was secured by the American War of Independence and the Victory at Saratoga.

OTD: Varick wrote Schuyler

#Onthisday Lt. Colonel Richard Varick wrote to Major General Schuyler.
September 22, 1777
Dear Sir
Gates seemed to be piqued that Arnold’s division had the honor of beating the enemy on the 19th. This I am certain of: Arnold has all the credit of the action; and this I further know, that Gates asked where the troops were going when Scammell’s battalion marched out, and upon being told, he declared no more troops should go; he would not suffer the camp to be exposed. Had Gates complied with Arnold’s repeated desires, he would have obtained a general and complete victory over the enemy. But it is evident to me he never intended to fight Burgoyne until Arnold urged, begged and entreated him to do it.
I am &c.
Richard Varick
Richard Varick was from a prominent Dutch-American family in Hackensack, New Jersey, Richard Varick became a lawyer, and enlisted in the New York City militia. In June 1775, Varick was appointed military secretary to General Philip Schuyler, from September 1776, he served as Deputy Commissary General of Musters for the Northern army, and on April 10, 1777, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. Varick served with distinction as aide to generals Philip Schuyler and Benedict Arnold. He would become the recording secretary for George Washington and was responsible for organizing the 44 volumes of wartime papers.
In peacetime Varick served as the Speaker of the Assembly (1787-1788) and was appointed Attorney General of the State of New York (1788-1889). He helped initiate the new Federalist-oriented government of New York City, becoming its mayor from 1789–1801. During this time, he oversaw the City’s rapid growth, dealt with public health epidemics, and instituted penal reforms and relief for the poor. Next, he turned his energies to the accumulation of lucrative real estate, all the while furthering the development of Columbia University and the Society of the Cincinnati, and starting the entity that became Jersey City.
His personal passion was to help promulgate the Christian message, especially through the founding of the American Bible Society and the New York Sunday School Union.
To learn wish to learn more about the Battles of Saratoga, you can visit the Saratoga National Historical Park in the towns of Saratoga and Stillwater. The park website is at https://ift.tt/2cxkI82
The Schuylerville Public Library schuylervillelibrary.sals.edu/ and all the libraries in the region have a number of books on the Battles of Saratoga. One of the more popular and well written books is Richard M Ketchum’s Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War. (1997) New York: Henry Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-6123-9. OCLC 41397623
Saratoga is known for being the turning point of the American Revolution. In 1777 −− the second year of America’s War for Independence −− the British sought to quell the rebellion with a single decisive military campaign. The British plan depended on using an invading army to divide the colonies along a natural corridor of rivers and lakes stretching from Canada to New York City. The Americans’ determined resistance at Saratoga, coupled with British strategic blunders, resulted in a stunning defeat and surrender for a British army. This timely victory reversed American military fortunes, boosted patriot morale, and gained them international recognition and support, including military assistance. That is why studying the Battles of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the American freedoms.

On this day – September 22

On this day in 1776, the British executed Captain Nathan Hale for espionage, creating America’s first widely acclaimed martyr and in a letter to his brother, Washington wrote: “The Dependence which the Congress had placed upon the Militia, has already greatly injured, and I fear will totally ruin our Cause;” in 1777, Lieutenant-colonel Richard Varick wrote to Major General Schuyler, “Gates seemed to be piqued that Arnold’s division had the honor of beating the enemy on the 19th; This I am certain of: Arnold has all the credit of the action…Benedict Arnold wrote to Horatio Gates, “ridiculous light of presuming to give orders I had no right to do and having them publicly contradicted.” in 2001, the Saratoga County Veterans Monument dedication is conducted at the Saratoga National Cemetery with thousands of guests attending; the program includes talks by Bishop Howard Hubbard, New York State Lieutenant Governor Mary Donohue, Congressman John Sweeney, and Town of Saratoga Supervisor Bob Hall, Schuylerville Central School Band plays music for the event and Annina Rabbit sings the National Anthem and America The Beautiful and in 2018, Mary Jean Farber passed away, she was the valedictorian for Schuylerville High School in 1968, she was a distinguished ophthmologist who dedicated her life to serving veterans in Albany.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by subscribing to our blog at https://ift.tt/2czXtwq
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peck and Town Supervisor Thomas Wood for compiling information for this timetable.)
September 22

Saratoga Monument

The Saratoga Monument stands prominently within the British camp where the decision to surrender was made in October 1777.
The site symbolizes the decisive turn in the American struggle for independence and serves as an eternal reminder of the human cost of both the American victory and the British defeat. The area was formerly known as the Heights of Saratoga. This lofty plot encompassed a portion of the area of Lt. General Burgoyne’s fortified camp in the final, beleaguered days of his campaign that ended with his surrender on October 17, 1777.
Burgoyne tried to retreat northward, but this position was so advantageous and well constructed with earthworks that he was reluctant to leave it. The land was cleared of trees and sloped toward Fish Creek giving the British a clear shot to the land along the Hudson. The land may have been agricultural before the campaign.
Nearly 17,000 American troops surrounded the fortified camp of the exhausted British Army. By the terms of the Convention of Saratoga, Burgoyne’s depleted army, some 6,000 men, marched out of its camp “with the Honors of War” and laid down its weapons along the west bank of the Hudson River across Fish Creek from the Schuyler House.
The monument is situated on a high bluff, 250 feet above the Hudson River overlooking the surrounding villages, farms, and countryside. From its top may be seen Lake George to the north, the Green Mountains to the east, and the Catskills to the south. The Saratoga Monument is by far the most significant and conspicuous location within the Town of Saratoga.
The monument is located on a parcel of Saratoga National Historical Park in the village of Victory that was chosen largely because of its commanding view. The Saratoga Monument is opened weekends in the summer and limited times in the fall.
For details on Monument please visit http://www.nps.gov/sara or call 518 670-2985.