On this day in 1747, the French raided Kinderhook; in 1775, the British surrender their fort at Chambly, Canada; in 1777, reports were received by the British on Mount Independence “brought by a deserter that Burgoyne was to surrender on the 16th the British troops to go to Boston to embark the German troops to go to their own country and the volunteers and Canadians to go to Canada McKay vouches for the man’s character McKay has arrived with 100 volunteers and Canadians other small parties…;”in 1781, British General Charles Cornwallis surrendered his army of some 8,000 men to General George Washington at Yorktown, giving up any chance of winning the Revolutionary War; in 1783, James Mott married Amy West in Dean’s Corner, Mott would serve as Town Supervisor in 1801, ‘2, ‘3, ‘4, ’18 and ’19, and a member of the Assembly in 1807, 1808 and 1811; in 1864, the 77th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek, this was the culminating battle of the Valley Campaigns of 1864 during the American Civil War, Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal Early launched a surprise attack against the encamped army of Union Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan, across Cedar Creek, northeast of Strasburg, Virginia during the morning fighting, seven Union infantry divisions were forced to fall back and lost numerous prisoners and cannons, Early failed to continue his attack north of Middletown, and Sheridan, dramatically riding to the battlefield from Winchester, was able to rally his troops to hold a new defensive line then a Union counterattack that afternoon routed Early’s army, the 77th regiment had 4 officers and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 18 men wounded, and 3 men missing, Colonel French took over brigade command with the death of General Bidwell, at the conclusion of this battle, the final Confederate invasion of the North was effectively ended. The Confederacy was never again able to threaten Washington, D.C. through the Shenandoah Valley, nor protect one of its key economic bases in Virginia, the stunning Union victory aided the reelection of Abraham Lincoln and won Sheridan lasting fame; in 1871, Thomas Marshal an Elder of the Reformed Church of Schuylerville and a farmer died at the age of 71 farmer; in 1873, William Wilcox died, he was a school commissioner and started the first bank in Schuylerville with a capital of $50,000. This enterprise was begun in 1853 and in 1856 it was merged into an organized bank, under the name of the “Bank of Old Saratoga” with capital of $100,000, and was managed by a board of sixteen directors with Wm. Wilcox was president; in 1886, Stafford’s Bridge (iron) was being painted; and in 2002, the 225th Celebration of the Surrender of Burgoyne and American Victory at Saratoga is celebrated with a series of day long activities including guest speakers at Olympian hall, stamp cancellations, encampment at the monument, candlelight Surrender March of Burgoyne parade from the Monument to Fort Hardy park, a living tableau of the John Trumbull surrender scene, and fireworks. Guests that participated in the program included Governor George Pataki, Senator Joe Bruno, Congressman John Sweeney, Assemblyman Roy McDonald, Supervisor Robert Hall and numerous other County, Town, and Village officials with an attendance estimated to be approximately 10,000.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by following our twitter account @historysaratoga
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peckfor compiling information for this timetable.)