Sunrise Photos near the Hudson River


Humanity cried for Greater Civil Liberty

“In the 15th Century humanity cried for more room and Christopher Columbus by the grace of God, discovered a Continent. In the 18th Century, humanity cried for greater civil liberty and the citizen soldiery of America, under the smile of the Almighty, won it at Saratoga. All hail thou morning of the 17th of October, 1777!” Rev. John Henry Brandow, A.M., The Story of Old Saratoga (1919) Rev. John Henry Brandow, A.M., (20 September 1853 – 14 October 1921) was a New York minister and historical writer. Mr. Brandow was a descendant of an emigrant from the Palatinate in 1710. His father was William Henry Brandow, a farmer and fruit grower from Windham, N. Y. His mother was Moycah Houghtaling Brandow. Mr. Brandow attended school at Hudson Institute in Claverack, N. Y., and Coxsackie Academy. He decided to study for the ministry .  He graduated from Rutgers College in 1883 as the valedictorian. His younger classmates found him a congenial associate,  He was the main-stay of the college choir, president of the Bible Society, and holder of several class offices. Brandow graduated from New Brunswick Seminary in 1886. His pastorates were: Reformed Church, Mohawk, N. Y., 1886-1888; Presbyterian Church, Oneonta, N. Y., 1888-1895; Reformed Church, Schuylerville, N. Y., 1895-1905; Reformed Church, Schoharie, N. Y., 1905-1908. While in Schuylerville (old Saratoga) he made a thorough study of the decisive campaign that resulted in the surrender near that place of General Burgoyne on October 16, 1777. The result was published in 1901 in a volume entitled “The Story of Old Saratoga.” A second illustrated and enlarged edition was published in 1919, in which appears also timely chapters on “New York’s Share in the Revolution.”   The New York Evening Post said of this book: “The Story of Old Saratoga is a marvel of painstaking research, careful scholarship and patient labor. In compiling his facts the author has read thousands of letters, reports, records and unpublished documents. This finished work will be a joy to the historian and antiquary” The study of history was his recreation and historic research a veritable passion for Brandow. He lived in Albany for years and availed himself of the State Library for study and research. He wrote monographs on General Horatio Gates, on Washington’s retreat through Westchester County, and on General Daniel Morgan, which appear in the Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association.   These were the views of our community history in the past. As a community, we will be eternally grateful for the early historians including William Ostrander, John Brandow, William Stone, Ellen Hardin Walworth and others. However, history is a continuing dialogue between the present and the past. Interpretations of the past is subject to change in response to new evidence, new questions asked of the evidence, new perspectives gained by the passage of time. There is no single, eternal, and immutable “truth” about past events and their meaning. We are fortunate to live in a community where there is active history being researched which provides new evidence.  This research may be new access to primary source material, new archeology studies, or new perspectives because new historians and researchers are working in our community. This is an unending quest of historians and our community for understanding the past — that is, revisionism and that is what makes history vital and meaningful. Our community is, as Historian John Brandow described, “the scene of so many events, tragic, thrilling, and heroic, in their character; events far reaching and superlatively beneficent in their effects on our civilization.” That is why the study of Saratoga is a never ending task.  

On this day – October 20

On this day in 1943, the USS Saatoga operating in the vicinity of Noumea, providing air cover for minor operations and protecting American forces in the Eastern Solomons was joined by USS Princeton (CVL-23); in 1966, the Saratoga Grange held a turkey dinner; in 1968, 10,000 spectators viewed parade in Schuylerville; and in 1972, the USS Saratoga’s aircraft flew 83 close air support sorties in six hours in support of a force of 250 Territorial’s beleaguered by the North Vietnamese 48th Regiment, the air support saved the small force, enabled ARVN troops to advance, and killed 102 North Vietnamese soldiers.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by following us on Facebook at
October 20

Town of Saratoga Calendar

Did you know that the Old Saratoga Historical Association produces the town of Saratoga calendar? The town of Saratoga calendars features pictures from days gone by in the villages of Schuylerville and Victory and  surrounding areas are available. The calendar pages have close to 150 historical tidbits.The calendars are available late in the year (starting around Thanksgiving and they do sell out).  They may be purchased for a low rate. The calendar is available from local stores, the Saratoga town clerk office, Schuylerville Public Library, and from members of the Old Saratoga Historical Association.

On this day – October 19

On this day in 1747, the French raided Kinderhook; in 1775, the British surrender their fort at Chambly, Canada; in 1777, reports were received by the British on Mount Independence “brought by a deserter that Burgoyne was to surrender on the 16th the British troops to go to Boston to embark the German troops to go to their own country and the volunteers and Canadians to go to Canada McKay vouches for the man’s character McKay has arrived with 100 volunteers and Canadians other small parties…;”in 1781, British General Charles Cornwallis surrendered his army of some 8,000 men to General George Washington at Yorktown, giving up any chance of winning the Revolutionary War; in 1783, James Mott married Amy West in Dean’s Corner, Mott would serve as Town Supervisor in 1801, ‘2, ‘3, ‘4, ’18 and ’19, and a member of the Assembly in 1807, 1808 and 1811; in 1864, the 77th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment participated in the Battle of Cedar Creek, this was the culminating battle of the Valley Campaigns of 1864 during the American Civil War, Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal Early launched a surprise attack against the encamped army of Union Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan, across Cedar Creek, northeast of Strasburg, Virginia during the morning fighting, seven Union infantry divisions were forced to fall back and lost numerous prisoners and cannons, Early failed to continue his attack north of Middletown, and Sheridan, dramatically riding to the battlefield from Winchester, was able to rally his troops to hold a new defensive line then a Union counterattack that afternoon routed Early’s army, the 77th regiment had 4 officers and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 18 men wounded, and 3 men missing, Colonel French took over brigade command with the death of General Bidwell, at the conclusion of this battle, the final Confederate invasion of the North was effectively ended. The Confederacy was never again able to threaten Washington, D.C. through the Shenandoah Valley, nor protect one of its key economic bases in Virginia, the stunning Union victory aided the reelection of Abraham Lincoln and won Sheridan lasting fame; in 1871, Thomas Marshal an Elder of the Reformed Church of Schuylerville and a farmer died at the age of 71 farmer; in 1873, William Wilcox died, he was a school commissioner and started the first bank in Schuylerville with a capital of $50,000. This enterprise was begun in 1853 and in 1856 it was merged into an organized bank, under the name of the “Bank of Old Saratoga” with capital of $100,000, and was managed by a board of sixteen directors with Wm. Wilcox was president; in 1886, Stafford’s Bridge (iron) was being painted; and in 2002, the 225th Celebration of the Surrender of Burgoyne and American Victory at Saratoga is celebrated with a series of day long activities including guest speakers at Olympian hall, stamp cancellations, encampment at the monument, candlelight Surrender March of Burgoyne parade from the Monument to Fort Hardy park, a living tableau of the John Trumbull surrender scene, and fireworks. Guests that participated in the program included Governor George Pataki, Senator Joe Bruno, Congressman John Sweeney, Assemblyman Roy McDonald, Supervisor Robert Hall and numerous other County, Town, and Village officials with an attendance estimated to be approximately 10,000.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by following our twitter account @historysaratoga
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peckfor compiling information for this timetable.)
October 19

OTD: Kosciuszko receives his commission from Congress.

#Onthisday in 1776, American War of Independence Officer Tadeusz Kosciuszko receives his commission from the Continental Congress. The Journals of the Continental Congress reported on this day in 1776 “The Board of War brought in a report, which was taken into consideration; Whereupon, Resolved, That Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Esq., be appointed an engineer in the service of the United States, with the pay of sixty dollars a month, and the rank of colonel.” Polish-born Thaddeus Kosciuszko was a distinguished military man who traveled across Europe to the Americas to fight for independence. He served in the American Revolution continuously from 1776 to the war’s end in 1783 and operated not only as far north as Ticonderoga, Saratoga, and West Point, but became the Chief Engineer with the Southern Department of the Continental Army. Kosciuszko earned praise and thanks for his courageous war efforts and dedication to freedom from men like George Washington, Horatio Gates, Nathanael Greene, and Thomas Jefferson. A close friend, Thomas Jefferson, once wrote that Kosciuszko was “as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known, and of that liberty which is to go to all, and not the few or rich alone.” Saratoga has been defined by the people who by choice or by chance make up this community. There are many individuals like Tadeusz Kosciuszko that help define this country and our community. It is the determination of our forefathers, in surmounting overwhelming odds that help define the American spirit – the will and ability to shape a better future. It is the people it is that define this community by choice or by chance have changed this country and even the world political development. That is why studying the people of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the condition of being human.