On this day in 1759, the British under General James Wolfe achieve a dramatic victory when they scale the cliffs over the city of Quebec, defeating the Marquis de Montcalm’s French forces on the Plains of Abraham; in 1775 , Benedict Arnold leaves Massachusetts for Maine to lead an expedition up the Kennebec River to Quebec, while Richard Montgomery heads up the Hudson toward the Richelieu River; in 1777, John Burgoyne wrote in “the State of the Expedition from Canada” that “the store of provisions, amounting to about thirty day’s consumption, was completed, I have stated, in m letter to the secretary of state my reasons against proceeding with less quantity” and British Lieutenant William Digby of 53d Regiment of Foot described, “We received orders to be in readiness to cross the Hudson river at a moment’s warning but all that day was a continued fall of heavy rain which continued till the 13th; when the morning being very fine the army passed over the Bridge of boats and encamped on the heights of Saratoga. We encamped in three columns in order of Battle. The duty here turned very severe such numbers being constantly on either guards or picquets during that day and the next we had many small alarms as parties of theirs came very near our camp but a few companies soon sent them off;” in 1778, there was the Raid on German Flats, New York, now known as Herkimer, was attacked by Iroquois led by Chief Joseph Brant, who led a force of 150 Indians and 300 Loyalists; although the town, consisting of about 70 buildings, is burned to the ground, only 3 individuals die in the engagement; in 1794, Schuyler’s son-in-law, Alexander Hamilton to Daniel Morgan (veteran of the Battles of Saratoga) wrote, “I am instructed by the President to express to You his wish that every practicable exertion may be made to accelerate the assembling of the Militia at their appointed places of Rendezvous, Winchester and the Vicinity of old Fort Pleasant Alias Moorefield. you are probably informed that a junction of the Virginia and Maryland Troops at Fort Cumberland has been contemplated,” as part of the Whiskey Rebellion which was a revolt against the US government in Pennsylvania, provoked by a tax on whiskey, and was the first serious challenge to federal authority; in 1814, Francis Scott Key As the evening of September 13, 1814, approached, Francis Scott Key, a young lawyer, was detained in Baltimore harbor under guard by the British navy, pens a poem which is later set to music and in 1931 becomes America’s national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner;” in 1864, 77th Regiment, New York Infantry was in a skirmish at Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek in the Shenandoah Valley; in 1949, Brian D. Myers Sr. was born, our community remembers Firefighter/Engineer Brian D. Myers‚ Sr., who lost his life in the line of duty while conducting interior fire suppression operations at the Prospector’s Bar & Grill fire on January 1‚ 1997 which was one of the saddest days in this community’s history; and in 1970, the Schuyler Prep School began its 8th year with 65 students.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by following our twitter account @historysaratoga
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peck and Alice Lowder Zetterstrom for compiling information and Heritage Hunters of Saratoga County sharing information used for this timetable.)