On this day in 1747, the French (about 320 soldiers) were finally able to launch a more sustained assault on the Saratoga fort, when two English soldiers leaving the fort were fired upon; a larger English party then left the fort to the aid of the initial two and at this point, the French ambush party retreated and St.-Luc brought the main body forward (likely moving south from their position on a small rise north of the fort and just south of Fish Creek) this was a major battle with over 100 English soldiers formed into lines under two lieutenants (one of whom was Lieutenant Chew) and four or five other officers, utilized a “wheel” movement to approach the former French ambush, seemingly unaware of the main body,the English detachment marched through “a fine meadow” following along the edge of the river and when the British detachment came within range, St.-Luc ordered the French to fire, which killed 4 of the 5 English officers, at the end of the battle 38 English soldiers were captured and 15 others were killed however the French did not capture the Fort; in 1777; General John Burgoyne’s army begins to arrive near Fort Ticonderoga and British Governor Henry Clinton encourages enslaved American Blacks to desert their rebel masters, promising freedom and shelter; Guy Carleton will also guarantee that all slaves who formally request British protection will be be freed; over 100,000 Blacks will flee to the British side during the war; and in 1862, the 77th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment participated the Battle of White Oak Swamp as the Union Army of the Potomac retreated southeast toward the James River, its rearguard under Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin stopped Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s divisions at the White Oak Bridge crossing, resulting in an artillery duel, while the main Battle of Glendale raged two miles farther south.
On this day is a chronological timetable of events that occurred on this day in history around the Town of Saratoga. Discover what happened today in local history by subscribing to our blog at http://ift.tt/2czXtwq
(Thank you to Deputy Historian Patricia Peck and Town Supervisor Thomas Wood for compiling information for this timetable.)