#onthisday in 1944, the 320th Glider Field Artillery Battalion including Saratoga’s Arthur Traver were able to get eight howitzers into action as part of the largest amphibious invasion in history when Allies assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France.
320th Glider Field Artillery Battalion had assigned twelve 105 mm howitzers. U.S. light howitzer designed for use by airborne troops. The glider field artillery battalion provided artillery barrages in support of infantry attacks undertaken by the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment. During combat operations, a battery could be in ‘direct’ or ‘general’ support of a military unit. Batteries in direct support of a unit in effect were attached to that unit. The battery was assigned to support that particular unit with whatever artillery support they needed. Artillery was not kept in reserve. They kept firing as much as possible since artillery fire could be quickly switched from target to target, Traver’s unit was part of the the 82nd Airborne division. In the early hours of yesterday, June 6, 1944, paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne jump over Normandy: they have to capture different objectives in the area west of the Allied amphibious invasion, such as the town of Sainte-Mère-Eglise or the La Fière bridge. The airborne troops made a junction with the landed troops belonging to the 4th infantry division at Utah Beach. As a result of their efforts, they were awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation and French Fourragere for their efforts.
Arthur Traver was born to a farm family living on Burke Road in the Town of Saratoga. His mother, Mary Morehouse Traver was described as “a person with high ideals for herself, her family, and her community” passed away when Traver was 6 years old. His father, Humphrey Travers raised him and his brothers and sisters while running the family farm. It is this early life experience of hardship and hard work that had an indelible impact on Traver’s commitment to his community and country.
Arthur Traver was drafted into the US Army. He served in the 320th Glider Field Artillery Battalion of the 82nd Airborne Division during WW II. He fought in Italy, Normandy D-Day, Operation Market Garden, and Battle of the Bulge.
When he returned home from the War, he married Marie Hutchinson. He joined the Quaker Springs Volunteer Fire Department. He served the community in the fire department for 64 years and held various positions including Fire Chief. After the War, Traver started a 25 year career driving a school bus for the Schuylerville Central Schools. You can learn about Arthur Traver by visiting http://ift.tt/299E8LC
Saratoga has been defined by the people who by choice or by chance make up this community. There are many individuals like Arthur Traver that help define this country, our region, and this community. It is the determination of our forefathers, in surmounting overwhelming odds that help define the American spirit – the will and ability to shape a better future. It is the people it is that define this community by choice or by chance have changed this country and even the world. That is why studying the people of Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of the condition of being human.