#Onthisday in 1784, the American War of Independence formally ended.
The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States, recognized American independence and established borders for the new nation.
After the British defeat at Yorktown, peace talks in Paris began in April 1782 between Richard Oswarld representing Great Britain and the American Peace Commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams.
The American negotiators were joined by Henry Laurens two days before the preliminary articles of peace were signed on November 30, 1782.
The Treaty of Paris, formally ending the war, was not signed until September 3, 1783. The Continental Congress, which was temporarily situated in Annapolis, Maryland, at the time, ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784.
The first American victory of the American War of Independence took just to our North in the Champlain Valley when the hero of Saratoga, Benedict Arnold along with Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, seized Fort Ticonderoga from the British on May 10, 1775. Henry Knox hauled cannon taken from Ticonderoga and Crown Point through Saratoga to Dorchester heights to drive the British from Boston. Arnold built a fleet of war ships just to the north of Saratoga and went on fight the British at Valcour Island in the fall of 1776, which kept the British at bay for another winter. Britain retaliated by sending General John Burgoyne to quell the feisty rebels in New York, New England and the Hampshire Grants (Vermont). Burgoyne’s Campaign of 1777 moved south along the waterway, pausing to drive the Americans from Ticonderoga and Mount Independence, fight battles at Hubbarton and Bennington and finally to meet defeat here at Saratoga, the turning point of the American Revolution. Troops were actively serving in Saratoga until the end of the war in December, 1783.
Saratoga was very active in the War of Independence. It is this rich history, that help define America. That is why studying Saratoga is integral to a good understanding of America.